Kevin E. Trenberth (2022) The Changing Flow of Energy Through the Climate System

  • Kevin E. Trenberth, 2022: The Changing Flow of Energy Through the Climate System. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-83886-3 (hardback), -97246-8 (paperback), 97903-0 (epub).

2022年の新刊。わたしは 2022年5月3日、ディジタル出版の新刊を検索していたときに出版を知り、すぐディジタル本で買った。紙の本でどんな形になっているかは知らない。まだ実質的な読書メモができていないが、ひとまず (折りかえしのあとに) くわしい目次を出しておく。

== 目次 ==
Contents
Foreword /by Al Gore
Preface
Acknowledgments
1. Earth and Climate System
– 1.1 The Climate System and a New Approach
– 1.2 Approaches to Climate Change
– Sidebar 1.1: Units of Energy and Heat
2. Earth’s Energy Imbalance and Climate Change
– 2.1 Climate Change
– 2.2 Carbon Dioxide
– 2.3 Global Mean Surface Temperature
– Box 2.1: Temperature Scales
– 2.4 Earth’s Energy Imbalance
3. Earth’s Energy Balance
– 3.1 Global Energy Flows
– 3.2 The Greenhouse Effect
– 3.3 Effects of Clouds and Aerosols
– Sidebar 3.1: Simple Energy Balance Model of Earth
– Sidebar 3.2: How Does a Greenhouse Effect Work?
– 3.4 Local Energy Balance
4. The Sun-Earth System
– 4.1 The Sun
– 4.2 Earth’s Orbit
– 4.3 Earth’s Changing Orbit around the Sun
– Sidebar 4.1: Radiation
5. Observations of Temperature Moisture, Precipitation, and Radiation
– 5.1 State Variables
– 5.2 Earth’s Temperatures
– 5.3 Links between Precipitation and Temperatures: Humidity
– 5.4 Earth’s Precipitation
– 5.5 How Often Does It Rain?
– 5.6 Earth’s Radiation
6. The Climate System
– 6.1 Atmosphere
– – 6.1.1 Composition and Structure
– – 6.1.2 Greenhouse Gases
– – 6.1.3 Aerosols
– – Sidebar 6.1: Hydrostatic Approximation
– 6.2 Oceans
– 6.3 Land
– 6.4 Ice
– 6.5 The Role of Heat Storage
– 6.6 Atmospheric-Ocean Interactions: El Niño
Flows of Energy
7. The Weather Machine
– 7.1 The Atmosphere and Weather
– 7.2 Energy in the Atmosphere
– 7.3 Convection
– 7.4 Diurnal Cycle
– 7.5 Tornadoes
– 7.6 The Hadley Circulation
– 7.7 Winds and the Jet Streams
– Sidebar 7.1: The Coriolis Force and Geostrophic Balance
– Sidebar 7.2: Winds and the Jet Stream
– 7.8 The Tropical Regions
– 7.9 Tropical Storms
– 7.10 Extratropical Cyclones and Anticyclones
8. The Dynamic Ocean
– 8.1 Ocean Heat Content
– 8.2 Ocean Currents
– 8.3 Overturning Currents
– 8.4 Surface Energy Exchanges
– Sidebar 8.1: Atmospheric and Ocean Energy and Moisture Budgets
– 8.5 Oceans and Climate Change
9. Poleward Heat Transport by the Atmosphere and Ocean
– 9.1 Poleward Energy Transports
– 9.2 Atmospheric Meridional Energy Transports
– 9.3 Ocean Meridional Heat Transports
– 9.4 Ocean Poleward Heat Transport Variability
– 9.5 Interhemispheric Flows of Energy
10. The Changing Hydrological Cycle
– 10.1 The Global Water Cycle
– Box 10.1: E-folding Time or Distance
– 10.2 The Surface Freshwater Flux
– 10.3 Climate Model Performance
– 10.4 The Changing Water Cycle
– 10.5 Extremes of Rain and Floods
– 10.6 Droughts and Wildfires
– 10.7 Changes in Tropical Storms
– 10.8 Water, Climate, and Society
11. Teleconnections and Patterns of Variability
– 11.1 Weather Regimes
– 11.2 Teleconnections
– Sidebar 11.1: Indices of Natural Variability Patterns of the Climate
– 11.3 Annular Modes
– 11.4 SAM
– 11.5 NAO
– 11.6 PNA
– 11.7 PDO and NPI
– 11.8 AMO
– 11.9 IOD
12. El Niño
– 12.1 ENSo and the Mean Pacific Climate
– 12.2 THe Southern Oscillation
– 12.3 El Niño Events
– 12.4 ENSO and Hurricanes
– 12.5 Movement of Heat and Energy with ENSO
– 12.6 Impacts
13. Feedbacks and Climate Sensitivity
– 13.1 Amplifying Factors of Climate
– 13.2 Feedbacks
– – 13.2.1 Planck Radiation Feedback
– – 13.2.2 Ice-Albedo Feedback
– – 13.2.3 Water Vapor Feedback
– – 13.2.4 Cloud Feedback
– – 13.2.5 Soil Moisture Feedback
– – 13.2.6 Bjerknes Feedback
– 13.3 Climate Sensitivity Defined
– 13.4 Determining Climate Sensitivity
– 13.5 Estimates of Climate Sensitivity
14. Earth’s Energy Imbalance Estimates
– 14.1 Inventory of Increasing Energy post-2000
– 14.2 How to Measure EEI
– Sidebar 14.1: Time Filters
– Box 14.1: Heat Units
– 14.3 TOA Radiation
– 14.4 Atmosphere
– 14.5 Ocean Heat Content (OHC)
– 14.6 Ice
– 14.7 Land
– 14.8 Variability of EEI
– 14.9 Total EEI Inventory
– 14.10 Sea-Level Rise
– 14.11 The Way Forward
15. Attribution and the Hiatus
– 15.1 Attribution of Warming
– 15.2 Attribution of Climate Events
– 15.3 Storylines
– 15.4 The Hiatus
16. Prediction and Projection
– 16.1 Using Models
– 16.2 Climate Projections
– Box 16.1: Models
– Sidebar 16.1: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
– Box 16.2: Integrated Assessment Models
– 16.3 Emissions Scenarios and Future Pathways
– Box 16.3: SRES Storylines for Emissions Scenarios
– Box 16.4: SSP Storylines for Emissions Scenarios
17. Emissions and Information
– 17.1 Carbon Emissions
– 17.2 Adaptation and Mitigation
– 17.3 Geoengineering
– 17.4 Climate Information
– 17.5 What Is a Climate Information System?
18. Climate Change and Environmental Issues
– 18.1 Politics of Climate Change
– 18.2 Winners and Losers
– 18.3 Values
– Box 18.1: Yogi Bera
– 18.4 Spaceship Earth
– Box 18.2: Al Gore
Glossary
Acronyms
Bibliography
Index

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